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Did Muhammad Read or Recite?
Most people, when reading the Arabic of the Quran, are confused regarding Muhammad’s first encounter with an aggressive entity allegedly the angel Gabriel/ Jibril.
Did Gabriel instruct Muhammad to READ or to RECITE and what are the differences if any between the two words?
The Oxford Dictionary makes a very important DISTINCTION between Reading and Reciting:
Read: Look at and comprehend the meaning of (written or printed matter) by mentally interpreting the characters or symbols of which it is composed.
Recite: Repeat aloud or declaim (a poem or a passage) from MEMORY before an audience.
In the Arabic language also, there are TWO distinct words describing the two actions of Reading and Reciting:
IQRA means to Read. That is to read from a document or from writings.
YATLOO or YULQI on the other hand, means to Recite. That is to declaim words from memory.
Iqra is actually the first word of the first verse/aya of the first chapter/sura of the Quran but for ungodly reasons during the compilation of the Quran, it was relegated to the 96th Sura instead.
Surat Al A’laq 96:1 “Proclaim! (Read!) in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher Who created 2 Created man out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood (Leech):
In Arabic: “Iqraa bismi rabbika^l Lathee khalaqa;
khalaqa ^l insana min alaq”
Bukhari Hadith 1.3:
“……suddenly the Truth descended upon him [Muhammad] while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read [Iqra]. The Prophet replied,
“I do not know how to read.”
The Prophet added, “The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied,
“I do not know how to read.”
Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied,
“I do not know how to read.” (or WHAT SHALL I READ)?’
Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said,
“Read [Iqra] in the name of your Lord, who has created man from a clot…”
This version of the alleged story of ‘revelation’ produces TWO extremely contentious and important question marks that have to be pointed out that require some logical answers:
- It is inconceivable to accept, based on theological grounds alone, that the angel Gabriel, the supreme messenger of Allah (if Allah is the same as the God of the Bible), did not already know that Muhammad could not READ.
- It goes even beyond credibility or logic, that the angel Gabriel could have ‘revealed’ to Muhammad a completely different version of the creation of man “ 2 Created man out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood (Leech)” to that found in its original in the Bible; Genesis 2:7 “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the Earth, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul”.
It is a measure of the complete lack of veracity and accuracy of the Quran that its first verse ever, displays a remarkable ignorance of the Biblical story of the creation of mankind; after all, he was created from DUST and not from a CLOT.
The same Torah, that the Quran itself repeatedly asserts to have been the word of Allah, is perverted and given a completely different version.
Why would Allah give TWO entirely and utterly incompatible versions of His own creation story to two different messengers of His (Moses and presumably Muhammad)?
It is utter BLASPHEMY to imply that Allah – if Allah is the God of Israel and Jesus – could be so inconsistent about the method of His own creation.
According to the Islamic tradition Muhammad was illiterate/ unable to read and write. This is totally contradicted by the report mentioned in Ibn Ishaq’s “Sirat Rasullullah” the first biographer of his life (c 130AH), about 120 years after his death.
In this very first and ORIGINAL version of the alleged encounter between Muhammad and the angel Gabriel, the angel actually produced:
“A COVERLET OF BROCADE WHEREON WAS SOME WRITING”.
(A. Guillaum’s ‘The Life of Muhammad’ p:106).
Hence, verse 96:1 can ONLY make sense if Muhammad could READ what was written on the coverlet. This would obviously change the whole state of affairs – as deliberately Altered and Falsified by the later Muslims – dramatically and fundamentally.
Our readers should be aware that, since Ibn Ishaq was both an Arab and a Muslim and was historically the nearest to the sources of information, his report should have obviously greater reliability than the ones that were Mass Produced much later.
He cannot be accused of fabrication as a foreigner or as an enemy of Islam.
When Gabriel ordered Muhammad to Read/Iqra, Muhammad asked him correctly and sensibly, ” What shall I read”?.
Since the coverlet had writings on it, as Muhammad himself asserts, then it is obvious and totally rational to assume that Gabriel wanted him to read the writing on the coverlet. Why else would Muhammad, on three consecutive occasions reply by asking Gabriel:
What shall I read?”.
The astoundingly simple conclusion, based upon Muhammad’s answer alone by asking Gabriel with “What shall I read?” instead of the altered versions of “I cannot read”, ASSERTS the fact that he COULD READ.
In the altered version of the story, the answer “I cannot read” is totally meaningless implying the utter stupidity and ignorance of Gabriel regarding Muhammad’s ability to read or not.
Our audience should be aware that for doctrinal and theological reasons, the later followers of Muhammad had done their utmost to Obfuscate and Confuse their followers and others as to the real meaning of the words depicting to Read and to Recite.
This is confirmed in the altered and corrupted texts of Bukhari Hadith 1:3 & 9:111.
Hence, in our analysis and investigation to discover the FACTS, we must address the meanings of both words individually and thoroughly even if we have to repeat certain ideas more than once.
A.1) Let us assume to start with, that Bukhari’s version of events is the factual one and that Iqra does mean READ; that is to read the words from a document or writings. Hence the logical question to be asked yet again is:
How is it possible or rational that the angel of Allah did not know that Muhammad was unable to read? That he was illiterate?
Moreover, according to the above version of the event, the Hadith does NOT mention any item or document that was displayed by Gabriel for Muhammad to READ from.
A.2) Now we take Bukhari’s version and assume that Iqra means RECITE, that is to repeat from memory.
In this manner also, Muhammad’s answer “I cannot read”, or in this instance, “I cannot recite” makes absolutely no sense since Gabriel had not YET informed him of the Quranic verses to recite and Muhammad was obviously at a loss as to what he was supposed to recite and hence Muhammad should have replied:
” What should I recite”?
Once more, we have to come to the unavoidable conclusion that, Gabriel, Allah’s messenger was yet again, being depicted as ignorant, clueless or completely stupid.
B.1) Now, let us investigate, in the same manner, Ibn Ishaq’s ORIGINAL version of the events and that Iqra means to READ, to start with.
When Gabriel ordered him to Read/Iqra – implying the writing on the coverlet – Muhammad asked him correctly and sensibly, ” What shall I read”? because maybe he was not sure. In this case Gabriel obviously and correctly, knew that Muhammad could read.
B.2) But, if Iqra in this instance meant RECITE, Gabriel’s command and Muhammad’s answer ” What shall I recite” ? become once again meaningless and irreconcilable since Gabriel had, we reiterate again, not told Muhammad the Quranic verses that he wanted him to RECITE, rendering Gabriel, once again, as Ignorant, Clueless or Stupid.
We have now covered all the possible versions of the event resulting in only ONE version that can possibly make any sense whatsoever, which is:
B.1, Ibn Ishaq’s ORIGINAL, wherein IQRA means to READ the writings from the coverlet.
What is most important in all of the above analysis and investigation, is the fact, that the original story as given by Ibn Ishaq – who was after all the first and nearest writer to the events that transpired during the life of Muhammad – had been materially, linguistically and grammatically, deliberately altered and tampered with to suit the subsequent theological arguments to fit the dogma of the ‘divine’ source of Muhammad’s Quran.
Hence Gabriel’s request was correct since actually, Muhammad was able to READ which fully contradicts the false Islamic tradition that Muhammad was illiterate.
Although we have proven beyond a shadow or even a reasonable doubt the following:
- a) Islam does not mean Peace but SUBMISSION
- b) Allah is most definitely NOT the same as the God of the Bible
- c) Islam is NOT a religion but a CULT; the Cult of Muhammad
- d) Muhammad was NOT a prophet but a charlatan and the murderous leader of the first Organized Crime Syndicate in history
- e) Jihad is NOT a spiritual struggle but Eternal and Mortal war against Infidels/ Kuffar/ Non Muslims
We shall incessantly strengthen our extremely controversial but unchallengeable conclusions and articles by continuing our series of revelations regarding the Truth, the whole Truth and nothing but the Truth about Muhammad, his Muslim followers and his Cult belief system called Islam, as we are assiduously addressing the FACTS (not the false propaganda) about how Muhammad and his followers Had declare Total War against 80% of non Muslim humanity called Kuffar/Infidels based entirely upon the Islamic ungodly sources.
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